Francis Campbell Boileau Cadell ,1883 – 1937, was a Scottish Colorist painter, renowned for his depictions of the elegant New Town interiors of his native Edinburgh, and for his work on Iona. From October 2011 - March 2012 the Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art held a major solo retrospective of Cadell's work, the first since that held at the National Gallery of Scotland in 1942.
The Scottish Colorists were a group of four painters, three from Edinburgh, whose post-impressionist work, though not universally recognized initially, came to have a formative influence on contemporary Scottish art and culture. Largely recognized as the leading figure of the group was Samuel Peploe. Other Scottish Colorists were Francis Cadell, John Duncan Fergusson and Leslie Hunter. They "absorbed and reworked the strong and vibrant colors of contemporary French painting into a distinctive Scottish idiom during the 1920s and 1930s.